Coloproctology is the medicinal or surgical treatment of conditions affecting the colon, rectum, anus and pelvic floor. The term primarily covers colorectal surgery and proctology.

Colorectal surgery
Colorectal surgery deals with disorders of the rectum, anus and colon and their surgical or conservative treatment. Essentially, it includes the treatment of benign and malignant tumours, acute and chronic inflammation and rectal prolapse.

Proctology deals with disorders and treatment of the anus and rectum, sphincter and pelvic floor. These include rectal prolapse (internal and external), haemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal fistulas and abscesses, together with all forms of incontinence and other related problems.